It was a short step from Huxley’s meritocracy to the cruelty of eugenics. Evolution worked by sorting the strong from the weak, and it could be given a helping hand. Predestined not by their god but by their genes, the Edwardians came enthusiastically to the logical conclusion and began to sort the wheat from the chaff. Their successors in America and Germany committed the naturalistic fallacy, and sterilized and murdered millions of people in the belief they were thus improving the species or race. Although this project reached obscene depths under Hitler, it was widely supported, especially in the United States, by those on the left of the political spectrum, too. Indeed, Hitler was merely carrying out a genocidal policy against ‘inferior’, incurable or reactionary tribes that Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels had advocated in 1849 and that Lenin had begun to practise as early as 1918. It is even possible that Hitler got his eugenics not from Darwin or Spencer but from Marx, whom he read carefully when in Munich in 1913 and echoed closely on the topic. Many socialists were enthusiastic about eugenics, notably H. G. Wells who said, about ‘black, and brown, and dirty-white, and yellow people who do not come into the new needs of efficiency’ that they ‘will have to go’. (The origins of virtue: human instincts and the evolution of cooperation, Matt Ridley, 253)

 

 

 

한국어판을 인용하지 않은 이유는 아래 글을 보면 짐작할 수 있을 것이다.

 

『이타적 유전자(신좌섭 옮김)』 번역 비판

http://cafe.daum.net/Psychoanalyse/82Xi/55

 

 

 

이 중에 다음 구절에 주목해 보자.

 

Indeed, Hitler was merely carrying out a genocidal policy against ‘inferior’, incurable or reactionary tribes that Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels had advocated in 1849 and that Lenin had begun to practise as early as 1918. It is even possible that Hitler got his eugenics not from Darwin or Spencer but from Marx, whom he read carefully when in Munich in 1913 and echoed closely on the topic.

 

매트 리들리는 마르크스가 우생학을 주창했으며 레닌이 그것을 이어받았다고 이야기하고 있다. 하지만 H. G. Wells의 경우에는 입장을 분명히 보여주는 구절을 인용을 했지만 마르크스와 레닌은 제대로 인용하지 않았다.

 

‘inferior’, incurable or reactionary tribes”라는 구절이 있긴 하지만 그것이 마르크스가 쓴 표현인지 확실하지 않다. 또한 1849년과 1918년의 의미도 명확하지 않다.

 

내가 마르크스·레닌 전문가는 아니지만 여러 경로로 그들에 대해 많은 이야기를 보거나 들었고 그들이 쓴 글도 꽤 읽었다. 하지만 그들이 우생학을 옹호했다는 이야기는 한 번도 접해 본 적이 없다.

 

마르크스와 레닌이 우생학을 옹호하는 글을 썼거나 조치를 취한 적이 있었는데 내가 모르는 것일까? 아니면 매트 리들리의 터무니 없는 모함일까?